Diabetes is a serious life-long condition that occurs when the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high because the body can’t use it properly. A major complication of diabetes is the increase in cardiovascular disease including heart attacks and stroke. Cardiovascular disease can be caused by narrowing of arteries through gradual build-up of fatty material within their walls. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia and is estimated to contribute to approximately 50% of all cases of anaemia among women and 42% of cases in children under 5 years of age worldwide
If left untreated, these conditions can cause serious health complications. These may include hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia (inducing coma), and deterioration of the eyes (retinopathy), heart (coronary heart disease, angina, heart attack), kidneys (nephropathy), nerves (neuropathy, sexual dysfunction, fatigue), lower limbs (ulceration, amputation), brain (stroke, dementia, depression, cognitive dysfunction) or pregnancy-related complications (increased risk for caesarean delivery, perinatal bleeding, lower birthweight, new-born neuro-developmental abnormalities).